Turning foreclosures into rentals
Tami Luhby, @CNNMoney, January 10, 2012, link
The program, which was cited by Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke last week as one way to address the housing crisis, would sell foreclosed homes now owned by Fannie Mae (FNMA, Fortune 500) and Freddie Mac (FMCC, Fortune 500) to investors in bulk. The properties would then be converted into rentals.
The initiative began back in August, when the Federal Housing Finance Agency, the Treasury Department and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development announced they were seeking suggestions on ways to dispose of repossessed homes now owned by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the Federal Housing Administration.
In addition to getting the properties off the government’s books, officials are hoping putting the homes back into productive use will stabilize neighborhoods and housing values. Also, it is looking to expand the supply of rentals, which are increasingly in demand.
The agency is not releasing details on how the rental program would work, instead saying it is “proceeding prudently but with a sense of urgency to lay the groundwork for the development of good initial transactions in early 2012.”
Administration officials said they are continuing to work with the agency to develop the program.
Until now, most foreclosed homes have been sold individually because investors have demanded bigger discounts to buy large numbers of properties.
But federal officials are warily eyeing the expected surge in foreclosures as banks ramp up their action against delinquent homeowners. The process had been stalled since late 2010 when banks’ shoddy paperwork practices came to light.
There are close to 2 million homes in the late stages of delinquency, according to Lender Processing Services. Since foreclosed properties often sell below market value, they can wreak havoc on home prices.
Converting these homes to rentals can both help the neighborhood and minimize losses to Fannie, Freddie and the FHA, which hold about 250,000 properties, Bernanke told lawmakers last week.
He urged lawmakers to ramp up their efforts to fix the housing market, placing particular emphasis on the problem of vacant homes on the market.
“Restoring the health of the housing market is a necessary part of a broader strategy for economic recovery,” he said.
Bernanke’s comments launched a full-court press by Federal Reserve officials last week to raise awareness of the continuing problems plaguing the housing market.
His proposals were quickly followed by Fed Governors Sarah Bloom Raskin, who spoke on ramping up enforcement of mortgage servicers, and Elizabeth Duke, who said Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac could do more to help heal the housing market.
Meanwhile, New York Fed President William Dudley gave a speech that touched on a wide range of housing policies — including principal reduction and mortgage refinancing — that he believes will boost the economy.
The Fed has already tried to boost real estate sales by pushing mortgage rates down to record lows through massive bond-buying programs.
But the renewed push for housing help indicates that the Fed, which has basically run out of monetary policy ammunition to revive the real estate market, is urging the federal government to ramp up its efforts.
“The Federal Reserve is signaling in even stronger terms the need for the government to do more to help housing,” said Jaret Seiberg, a policy analyst with the Washington Research Group.